詳細




ID AN10068733-0010-021
DOI
NII論文ID
医中誌ID
言語 日本語
最終更新日 Oct 18, 2011 12:21:28
作成日 Jun 17, 2009 14:27:07
アイテムタイプ Article(SEIG)
更新履歴
Oct 18, 2011 資料タイプ を変更
Jan 12, 2011 PDF ファイル を変更
Jan 21, 2010 一次情報の有無 を変更
Dec 2, 2009 PDF ファイル を変更
Nov 17, 2009 抄録(英), PDF ファイル を変更
Nov 5, 2009 フリーキーワード を変更
Nov 2, 2009 ID を変更
Nov 2, 2009 インデックス を変更
資料タイプ 紀要論文
論文名(日) 中国に於ける政治変動と女性の政治参加
論文名(ヨミ) チュウゴク ニ オケル セイジ ヘンドウ ト ジョセイ ノ セイジ サンカ
論文名(英) A study of the relationship between women’s political participation and political changes in socialist china.
責任表示 秋吉祐子
著者 秋吉, 祐子
著者(ヨミ) アキヨシ, ユウコ
著者ID y_akiyoshi
著者版フラグ
フリーキーワード Double standard in socialist China, Equality in China's juridprodance, Feminist movement, Liberation and egalitarianism, Women's politiacl participation
抄録(日)
抄録(英) Since CCP (Chinese Communist Party) came into power in 1949, Peking has tried to improve the women’s socio-economic as well as political situation emphasizing on the liberation and the egalitarianism derived from its political ideology which is Marxist-Leninist one. Though a series of new domestic policies, they encouraged women not only to work but also to get a better education to say nothing of providing suffrage and party membership denouncing so-called “double standard” which was believed to be indigenous to Feudal-Confucian China: the women’s employment rate rose from 7.5% in 1949 to 33.2% in 1987; more women go for a higher education; it rose from 23.5% in 1951 to 44.0% in 1987. Although the women’s political participation has has not been improved substantially in comparison with those statistical figures, this China’s new experiment of social revolution in the women’s welfare since 1949 seemed to have been remarkably successful : In 1954, the Chinese Central Government passed the bill for an equal right to vote for any women of age 18 years or above, and it became a law (Article 86 of the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China) establishing prima facie equality in China’s jursprudance.
However, since 1987 after Peking shifted its policy from an ideological-oriented to an economic-oriented one, one can easily notice that such politically retrogressive phenomena as the emergence of a number of counter-vailing factors against this progressive liberal reform have been reinforced. And that, they even jeopardized what women had already achieved : general norms against an equal opportunity for employment were created, the revival of old songs of double standard could be heard at every corner of the town hunting a feminist movement, and a lot of sexist statements have been frequently appeared in the mass media. More importantly, in the face of its economic stalemate, Peking was forced to eliminate high-ranking female party members in the central political machine of CCP in order to carry out further negative campaigns against women undermining so-called “Women’s Policies” which had been treated as a secondary issue in terms of the political priority for more than 30 odd years. Consequently, it caused a high unemployment rate for women and limited te number of woman to get higher education creating a vicious cycle of prostitution and slavery as a result of a domestic violence and a woman abuse.
The evidence suggests that the shift in public policy in accordance with political changes has been an independent variable to the degree of women’s political participation, but it is difficult to difine and weigh its role as an actual determinent of social force in a different period after the establishment of a communist regime in 1949. The main focus of this paper, therefore, is on the verfication of a basic causal variable including other intervening variables within its causal relationships and on the test of the hypothesis rather emphasizing on a quantitavtive approach toward two different time periods after 1949: (?) the period of socialist construction under a series of ambitious socio, politico-economic development programs since 1949, (?) the period of a rejuvenation in the centralized political arraratus, socalled, RPS(Refromation of Political Systems) since 1980.
収録誌書誌ID
収録誌タイトル 聖学院大学論叢
収録誌巻 第1巻
収録誌号
出版者
ISSN 09152539
発行年月 1988/12
掲載ページ(開始) 21
掲載ページ(終了) 34
URL
JaLCDOI 10.15052/seig.AN10068733-0010-021
ISBN
一次情報の有無
学位授与番号
学位授与年月日 //
学位名
学位授与機関
PDF ファイル 秋吉祐子_中国に於ける政治変動と女性の政治参加_聖学院大学論叢1.pdf
Type : application/pdf Download
Size : 951.7 KB
Last updated : Jan 12, 2011
Index
/ Public
/ Public / 聖学院大学論叢
/ Public / 聖学院大学論叢 / 第1巻
関連アイテム